When Computing Got Started

Several weeks ago we announced Buried Reads is starting an Engineering Newsletter. It’s been tricky to figure out what form this should take, since there’s not enough great blogging on engineering. Instead we’ll be doing more original work. We are starting with the story of how computing got started, going all the way back to early Babylonian algorithms, forward into the eighteenth century when Computer was an occupation held by workers calculating everything from the position of the moon to tables of logarithms, leading finally into Charle Babbage and his invention of the Difference Engine.

We are digging into original source material to tell the story, including early research on what it was like to be a Computer in the eighteenth century and Babbage’s autobiography. One moment in particular struck me as magical. Imagine a young Charles Babbage fatigued from calculating monotonous tables of logarithms who has fallen into daydreaming.

One evening I was sitting in the rooms of the Analytical Society, at Cambridge, my head leaning forward on the Table in a kind of dreamy mood, with a Table of logarithms lying open before me. Another member, coming into the room, and seeing me half asleep, called out, “Well, Babbage, what are you dreaming about?” to which I replied, “I am thinking that all these Tables (pointing to the logarithms) might be calculated by machinery.”

Charles Babbage in Life of a Philosopher

My mind races thinking of how momentous this moment was. Our laptops and cell phones may never have happened or been delayed decades even centuries later if not for this moment of inspiration that Babbage had.

If you are curious to learn more, subscribe to our Engineering newsletter.

From the Operators

Joel Gascoigne of BufferApp publicly shares the company’s performance in Buffer 2018 metrics. Impressive to see this company payback its Series A and decide to go non-venture scale. They reached $3.29 million in net profit this year.

Elisa Steele of Namely tells the story of getting on several boards and what the experience has been like. Listen at How To Effectively Use Your Board as a Resource.

From the Investors

Sammy Abdullah of Blossom Street Ventures does an analysis of public SaaS company multiples, which have fairly obviously tanked right along with the rest of the NASDAQ. The most interesting fact: public SaaS companies average -5% EBITDA margin. This was surprising to me.

Andrew Clark of Visible urges CEOs to write a yearly wrap up for their investors, and offers several useful sections you can consider including.

DifferentFunds published the State of Terms in Venture Capital 2018 for sub $100M funds. It covers the terms they iron out with their LPs, all the way down to, just as an example, the average number of words in the LP agreement. Founders can benefit quite a from understanding where their early seed fund investors are coming from.

From the Authors

Eliot Peper of makes an interesting point in True maturity requires treating adults like children. After reading How Emotions Are Made by Lisa Feldman Barrett, I’m a big believer that rich emotional experiences can often be shaped by simple environmental factors. For examples, maybe I’m having a nightmare simply because I’m too hot from all the covers over me, and so my body is trying to come up with an explanation why I might feel this way. Peper points out that maybe we should sometimes assume complex adult behavior is from simple factors like this.

Struggling to Hire Engineers

The startup community has been kicking out amazing posts as the year comes to a close, and we have some gems to share this week. We’re breaking form a bit, and sharing some of our own advice on a topic near and dear to my heart: recruiting engineering talent.

Recruiting Game Plan

I’ve been using my sabbatical time to help companies hire engineers. Velocity is often the make or break issue in winning star candidates. I’ve been encouraging companies we help to map out the hiring process in advance, and have pulled together many elements that are easy to miss. The document got so much glowing feedback, I am sharing the Google Doc widely this week: Interview Game Plan template.

From the Operators

Rand Fishkin of SparkToro explores whether blogging is still worthwhile for the effort, and the factors authors should consider in Can You Still Blog Your Way to Visibility & Credibility?

Justin Jackson of Transistor.fm is thinking about something that’s been bouncing around in my head while on sabbatical: Can you grow a startup on the side?

Max Rhodes of Faire shares his story of getting to $100 million in financing. Our favorite part is the advice from Michael Moritz the “constant application of force” is what separates winning companies.

From the Investors

Christoph Janz of Point Nine Capital writes There’s more than one path to $100 million. We love the shout out to Neeraj’s and his great advice on tripling and doubling your company.

Fred Wilson of Union Square Ventures points out that while we talk about the importance of self-care for founders, we also attack our most visible leaders when they talk about it in Leadership and Self Care.

Albert Wenger of Union Square Ventures has been writing his book The World After Capital, which honestly I find as a bit of premature celebration. But I love his post this week Bots for All of Us (Informational Freedom).

Li Jin and D’Arcy Coolican of Andreessen Horowtiz compiled a terrific list of 16 Ways to Measure Network Effects.

A life without kids

Our headline post this week from Sarah Tavel at Benchmark was by far my favorite read this week. Danielle and I have been married for over 10 years, but still haven’t had kids. The decision has freed us up to start companies together, travel the world, read as much as we want, and have countless adventures. Sarah’s post is one of the more thoughtful essay’s I’ve seen on just how much I might be missing out on.

Reflections on Parenting

Sarah Tavel of Benchmark opens a window into important revelations in her personal life in Reflections on becoming a parent

SciFi Startups

Sarah A. Downey of Accomplice has been putting together an overdue series on what startups can learn from Star Trek The Next Generation. In Startup trek, episode 5: Where No One Has Gone Before she covers one of Danielle’s favorite episodes on time travel.

This week TC Sottek of The Verge announced The Verge’s Better Worlds, an effort to portray a more positive future. This as postive sign for those who remember Peter Thiel’s argument about pessimistic SciFi in The End of the Future.

From the Operators

Our parents are coming to visit this Christmas, and it’s filled with fun times, but also a dose of dysfunction that reminds us of annoying times during childhood. Morgan J. Lopes of Polar Notion has put together a set of questions for taking stock of your family relationships. This is a great one to think about vis-a-vis New Years resolutions: Annual Reflection Framework.

David Peterson of Airtable showcases Airtable by putting together a list of Startup Pitch Decks. If you’re building your deck out over the holidays and need inspiration, this is up your alley.

Claire Lew of Know Your Team announces her company’s pivot in Big news: Know Your Company is now Know Your Team. We normally don’t share product launches here, but we love that she shared so much background on her thought process through the transition.

From the Investors

Andrew Clark of Visible VC announces a new tool to help founders run their fundraising process in Get Funded: The Fundraise Tracking Tool

David Beisel of NextView Ventures is concerned founders are missing out on key opportunities that PR can drive in Nobody Announces Their Seed Round Anymore and That’s a Mistake

Hunter Walk of Homebrew offers advice for other funds to improve their portfolio pages, so founders can better determine whether it makes sense to pitch them, in A Small Change Seed Funds Can Make To Their Websites To Help Founders (and Themselves)

Founders who haven’t been in the market for early stage rounds might be surprised by Jason Lemkin of SaaStr‘s answer to the question Is it normal for Series A investors to buy up previous seed investor’s equity?

Jenny Fielding of Techstars announces she is doubling down on the New York tech community in And Now for Something New and Different… Announcing the New Techstars NYC Managing Director

Greylock Partners announces they have added former StitchFix head of growth to the team in Welcome Mike Duboe as Greylock’s Newest Investor

Lightspeed Venture Partners adds 3 impressive operators to the team in When we’re not obsessing about investing, we’re obsessing about hiring.

The Future of Marketplaces

Li Jin and Andrew Chen of Andreessen Horowitz distill the history of marketplaces over the past 25 years and predict that companies like Bannerman, Convoy and Lambda will win over regulated markets. Read the full analysis in What’s Next for Marketplace Startups?.

From the Operators

Sadly, we did not come across any amazing operator posts this week. If you know founders that are blogging, let us know at editor@buriedreads.com.

From the Investors

Hunter Walk of Homebrew took us down memory lane to our days working on Referly as he asked Where’s my Personal Wirecutter? I Want a Place To Talk About The Products I Love!. .

Morgan Housel of Collaborative Fund asserts “writing is the ultimate test of whether your thoughts make sense or are merely gut feelings” in Selfish Writing.

Michael Brown of Bowery Capital outlines several ways that trophy board members can go south in Being Cautious About Independent Board Members. Watch out for that “independent” board member your investor insists on.

Some CEOs spend downtime during the holidays wondering “am I even helping at my company or am I just making things worse?” Jason Lemkin of SaaStr gives them some comfort in Could Someone Be a Better CEO Than You?.

Seth Levine of Foundry Group continues his excellent series on board meetings, this time covering Board Conflict.

Ready to Make Your Dream of a Startup Exit Concrete… What’s Your Number?

This is our favorite time of the year to be reading blogs, because people do a lot of reflection over the holidays. If you see thoughtful posts from founders and investors, send them our way at editor@buriedreads.com.

We’ve shared several stories about alternatives to traditional venture funding. This week Matt Wensing of Riskpulse shares his thoughts in The New Bootstrappers: How Alternative Fundng Modesl Are Embracing Founder Lifestyles. He hints at a new tool SimSaaS he’s using to compare alternative funding approaches for bootstrapped founders.

From the Operators

With lots of talk this week of whether to pivot or return the money, Jason Jacobs of Two Way Labs shares his personal journey deciding whether to shutdown his startup in Goodbye Two Way Labs, I barely knew ya.

Brian Donohue of Pinterest and Instapaper talks about everything from leading the team from paid to free and dealing with the ups and downs of M&A in Brian Donohue on Operating Instapaper Through an Acquisition.

Bertrand Fan of Slack didn’t believe his parents travel advice to fly on the day of Thanksgiving, and hacks together data from SFO’s Wifi records to figure out the best day to be Flying for Thanksgiving.

We’ve been rewatching Start Trek Next Generation together, and loving how relevant the writing is. Danielle sees Picard as a great potential CEO role model, and Kevin is fascinated by the explroation of AI with the character Data. So we were pleased to discover this week that Sarah A. Downey of Accomplice has started a blog series we’re intrigued by in Startup trek episode 1: Encounter at Farpoint.

From the Investors

Erik Torenberg of Village Global riffs on an earlier tweetstorm from September this week to talk about personal moats. The conversation that ensues with Tren Griffin of Microsoft (an excellent Twitter follow @trengriffin) and others is fascinating.

Semil Shah of Haystack tweets an epiphany as to why seed funds keep getting bigger (hint: more fees is not in the top 4 reasons) and kicks off an interesting conversation.

From the Writers

If you haven’t read Oakland-based author Eliot Peper yet, you’re missing out. He started writing about using technology to tamper with elections in “Bandwidth”. I was excited to discover this week he also has a blog and writes Most successful people have no idea what made them successful . Danielle love speculative fiction, and has read all his books. She is thrilled to see Amazon named his latest title “Borderless” among Best Books of the Month: Science Fiction & Fantasy. Go Eliot!

But What Happens in the Upside Case?

Usually, startups are dealing with solving an endless set of problems in what, even at the best of times, looks like a beautiful disaster… kind of like learning to do watercolor painting. But in the rare cases where the product finds the market, the funding comes through, and the team is off to the races–things don’t magically resolve. This week, we have a couple posts that reveal how challenging it can be to navigate the creation of new companies in the best of times. We would love to see more posts from investors and founders sharing the gritty details of operating from a place of strength.

The startup blogging pace is moving at an impressive clip as we head into the holidays and we were thrilled by the editorial process to get down to this set, each of which is incredible. Brew a pot of coffee and enjoy this week’s Buried Reads.

Now that we need scale, you’re not the right person

Steve Blank of Stanford University shares hard-won lessons from the experience of being hired over. Early startup employees should read How to Keep Your Job As Your Company Grows.

What happens when a founder is fully vested

Fred Wilson of Union Square Ventures discusses one of the most emotionally charged issues to come between founders and their boards in What Happens When A Founder Is Fully Vested?.

From the Operators

Rahul Vohra of Superhuman tells the story of How Superhuman Built an Engine to Find Product/Market Fit and introduces several management techniques that other entrepreneurs can use to get fit themselves.

In The Signal Network Michael Lopp of Slack develops a framework for measuring conversations along the lines of criticality and freshness. It reminds me of Stephen Covey’s framework for measuing tasks not just by urgency but also importance. Covey’s approach has been incredibly useful, and it feels like Lopp is onto something just as important with communication.

Jeff Gothelf of Sense & Respond Press asks What does an agile product roadmap look like?. If you ever felt like your roadmap is trying to predict features you don’t even know will help, this could be a better way to communicate future deliverables.

Matt Angle of Paradromics is creating a Brain Computer Interface (BCI) product. I’ve been curious about where neurbiology meets computing for quite a while, and this was fascinating. Listen at LoupVentures Neurotech Podcast.

From the Investors

Joe Floyd, Jake Saper, Kara Sweeney, and Carlotta Siniscalco of Emergence Capital were all promoted this week, and the firm shares the awesome praise each received from their portfolio in The Next Generation of Emergence Capital.

Rob Go of NextView explains how the current funding environment has lead many investors to value IRR over ROI in Chasing Markups

Jared Sleeper of Matrix Partners points out that customer experience aren’t happening at a smooth rate for most startups in A framework for modeling product development.

Sammy Abdullah of Blossom Street Ventures shares stats that are usually closely held like revenue, valuation, and round size for 179 startups in The Series A Valuation Report.

Parul Singh of Founder Collective shares the harsh realities founders seeking institutional funding can expect in Mastering Growth Economics: What $100M Startups Do Differently.

From the Columnists

Ryan Avent of The Economist asks Why Do We Work So Hard?. When my friends say “put your work aways for a bit” I often have the voice in my head, “Okay, but I really like this!” Avent does a good job capturing some of what might behind this.

Products We Love

The Theory of the Leisure Class by Thorstein Veblen This is a difficult read with significant payoffs to those who want to understand the disparity between those who are most respected in society and those who are most productive. Written nearly 100 years ago, Veblen explores the economic theory behind why our culture does not honor those who build the most, work the hardest, and prosper through trade nearly as highly as those who destroy (war heroes), work the least (nobility) and rule through fiat (royalty, emperors and dictators). As you read, ask yourself what has changed over the past 100 years and more importantly: what hasn’t? Readers familiar with the concept of “Veblen goods” introduced in this book will find the fact that it is just $0.60 to download for Amazon Kindle deeply ironic.

Last year, the California wildfires filled our 56th floor apartment in San Francisco with acrid smoke and we purchased our first Molekule Air Purifier. Since moving to Denver, we’ve added 2 more to battle the regular poor air quality. It’s a beautiful highly functional product. Use our link to get $75 off your order.

Product Advice From the Trenches

Danielle and I just got back from a trip to San Francisco, and it was good to see several of our friends there. I’m especially happy I got to eat at Plow twice. We’re excited to do a return trip after the holidays. In the meantime, we’re looking forward to snow here in Denver this weekend.

Product Advice From the Trenches

David Tuite of Workday started compiling a List of Companies with Public Roadmaps. If you’ve been thinking of opening up your roadmap to customers you can learn from companies like Trello, Buffer, and Twitch.

Sachin Rekhi of Notejoy outlines a framework that incorporates long term vision, customers and business objectives in How to Prioritize a Product Roadmap.

From the Operators

Dave Kellogg of Host Analytics gives a shoutout to Fenwich Wests’s Q3 Venture Capital Survey and does a good job highlighting numbers around key negotiating points like liquidation preference in Highlights from the Fenwick & West 3Q18 Venture Capital Survey.

Ceci Stallsmith of Slack draws the important distinction between confidence and arrogance in The Art of Making You Feel Small.

From the Investors

Matrix Partners compiled their 2018 SAAS Private Survey Results- Part 1 and it covers everything from average growth rates, to contract size, to upsell trends. It’s a great resource for founders in search of benchmarks.

Andrew Clark of Visible shares a best practices that gets your employee base on the same page as the founding team in The Friday Note Challenge.

Seth Levine of Foundry Group has put together an excellent on board meetings covering everything from meeting pre, to the board package, to running the meeting itself. See the full write up in Designing the Ideal Board Meeting Blog Series.

A few years ago Series A crunch was the big worry in startups. Now there is a new crunch, and its the journey of Going from a proof of concept fund to an “institutional” venture fund covered by Samir Kaji of First Republic Bank.

Christoph Janz of Point Nine Capital sees a pattern of founders diluting early investors in Founders: Please don’t allow anyone to screw your early backers.

Battery Ventures recently hosted a panel Getting from Seed to Series A: Insider Tips from Tech’s Top Early-Stage Funders with Forerunner, Felicis, and Battery. It’s useful right out of the gate with honest talk about where leading VCs have their bar for Series A.

Social Capital comes out firing

Kevin’s favorite post is a heart melting video from Brad Feld on young makers, but we had to lead this week with bluster coming out of Palo Alto…

Social Capital Comes out firing

Chamath Palihapitiya of Social Capital came out firing with optimism this week, despite a recent alarming report from Dan Primack of Axios. See Chamath’s full report in “Social Capital Interim Annual Letter, 2018”

From the Operators

Center for American Entrepreneurship of Center for American Entrepreneurship gives the best detailed break downs of financing round activity by volume, deal size and round that we’ve seen in recent history. Very useful reference for anyone raising right now. See the details in Early-Stage Valuation Multiples Are Coming Way Down. What Does it Mean?

Reboot of Reboot catalogs the ways that people are dishonest and blaming in Nonviolent communication and the concept of “denial of responsibility”

From the Investors

Blossom Street Ventures of Blossom Street Ventures has done an awesome series of posts analyzing S1 statements this week. Our favorites were on dillution and average time from founding to IPO.

Union Square Ventures of Union Square Ventures points out something we’ve believed for a while: healthcare and education are eating the economy faster than software is. Read the full story in Creating Surplus

Bloomberg Beta of Bloomberg Beta is on a tear this week with blogging. For first time investors, he wrote some advice on planning. And for founders, he writes Instead of a Business Plan, write a Thesis Plan

Foundry Group of Foundry Group shares a promo video that melted our nerd hearts for littleBits which encourages kids to take on engineering and coding in I Was That Kid. Were You? #MakingChangemakers

Lightspeed Venture Partners offers a great template for explaining the stock option component of an offer letter in Telling the Equity Story

Growing Alternatives to VC Funding

Makes sure to read all the way to the end this week, because we go out on a strong note with sage advice from Warren Buffet and Jeff Bezos. Brew a pot of tea and enjoy our favorite weeks from the past week.

In our favorite read this week, Clement Vouillon of Point Nine Capital captures emerging SaaS fundraising approaches: “A Landscape of the Growing Number of Alternatives to VC Funding”

From the Operators

Jackie Luo of Square believes fair compensation begins with transparency, and provides the numbers to back it up in “I Know the Salaries of Thousands of Tech Employees”

Michael FitzGerald of Submittable (YCS12 represent!) offers some startup real talk in “Submittable CEO talks startups, life, cancer and living in Missoula, Montana.”

From the Investors

The AngelList blog has a great post this week explaining how the preference stack of private company stock can impact exit outcomes for employees: “Liquidation Preference: Your Equity Could Be Worth Millions — or Nothing”

Joanne Wilson of Gotham Gal Ventures reminds us there’s more to angel investing than just deal flow and cutting checks in “When did Angel investing become a commodity?”

Aaron Holiday and Nnamdi Okike of 645 Ventures explores a framework for understanding venture capital risk an decision making through the lens of Warren Buffet in “Circle of Competence and the Venture Capital Invesment Triangle”

Jeffrey Minch of Littlefield Advisors summarizes the best thinking tools behind the fastest growing tech company in “Jeff Bezos On Decisionmaking”

Did I make a mistake selling to Yahoo?

We’ve moved from our side project domain to Buried Reads this week. Do us a favor and add this email to your address book. Now that we have a name, you can refer us to your friends and send them to BuriedReads.com to subscribe.

From the Operators

Joshua Schachter, founder of Web 2.0 phenomenon Del.icio.us, asks “Did I Make a Mistake Selling My Social Media Darling to Yahoo?”

Collaborative Fund VC turned stealth startup founder Kanyi Maqubela resets his mental model around early stage startup risk mitigation in “Classical Risk vs. Quantum Risk”

From the Investors

Carlos Eduardo Espinal of Seedcamp lived through both the 2001 dot com bubble and 2008 real estate collapse, and shares your options in “Weatherproofing your startup for any financial climate — the 3rd way”

Morgan Housel of Collaborative Fund builds the case for how growing too fast can ruin the original spirit of a startup in “Haste Makes Waste”

Startup accelerator Y Combinator released a ranked list of portfolio companies by valuation in “YC Top Companies List – 2018”

Ana Paula González of 500 Startups has labeled a surprising city as their next target and the supporting data are interesting. See for yourself in “Why 500 Startups is betting on Miami, and so should you”